DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20162505

A study of clinical profile and complication of malaria in a tertiary care centre in South-eastern region of Rajasthan, India

Shivcharan Jelia, Shivraj Meena, S. R. Meena, Mohd. Arif, Pankaj Jain, Devendra Ajmera, Vinod S. Jatav, Vinit Agarwal

Abstract


Background: Malaria continues to be one of the important public health problems in India. As per World Health Organization report 2015, South East Asian Region bears the second largest burden of malaria (10%), only being next to African region (88%).The present study is aimed at to study clinical profile and complications, in a tertiary care hospital.

Methods: A total of 100 cases were included in the study that admitted at NMCH, Kota and identified positive for malaria parasites on peripheral smear examination with conventional microscopy and / or by rapid diagnostic test.

Results: predominant symptoms were fever (100%), vomiting (52%), headache (34%), myalgia (28%) and jaundice (27%) and signs were splenomegaly (75%), pallor (57%), icterus (28%), hepato-splenomegaly (19%), and hepatomegaly (04%). In this study, 82% patients suffered from uncomplicated malaria and 18% from complicated malaria.

Conclusions: Malaria is responsible for major health concern in South-eastern region of Rajasthan and is found to affect comparatively the younger adult population. P. Vivax was the major parasite type causing malaria and most of the complications were due to P. falciparum.


Keywords


P. Vivax, P. Falciparum, Complicated malaria, Fever, Splenomegaly

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