DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20162506

A study of hematological profile in dengue fever at tertiary care center, Kota Rajasthan, India

Kailash C. Meena, Shivcharan Jelia, Shivraj Meena, Mohd. Arif, Devendra Ajmera, Vinod S. Jatav

Abstract


Background: Dengue fever continues to be one of the important public health problems in India. Dengue fever is an acute febrile disease characterized by sudden onset of fever of 3-5 days, intense headache, myalgia, retro-orbital pain, anorexia, gastrointestinal disturbances and rash. In present study we planned to study hematological profile of seropositive (Igm) dengue fever patients

Methods: A total of 100 cases were included in the study that admitted at NMCH, Kota and identified positive for IgM dengue fever.

Results: Majority of case having dengue infection belong to the age group of 21-30 year (29%). Thrombocytopenia was found in 90% patients, Leucopenia in 51% patients and hematocrit value  >45%  in 13% patients. Seven patients out of 61 (11.47%) had bleeding    manifestation with platelet count between 20,000-60,000. Seven patients out of    15 (46.67%) had bleeding manifestation with platelet count <20,000.bleeding was noted in 14% of cases in which Cutaneous hemorrhagic manifestations were the most common manifestation.

Conclusions: With increasing severity of thrombocytopenia there is increasing incidence of bleeding manifestation.


Keywords


Dengue fever, Thrombocytopenia, Bleeding, Hematological

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