DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20182511

Incidence of iron deficiency anaemia and it’s early detection in patients with hypoproliferative anaemia presentation in a tertiary care hospital

Vishnu Anjan Nareddy, M. Sai Varun, Nagabushana M.V.

Abstract


Background: Iron deficiency anaemia still remains the most common cause of anaemia not only in India but also world over. According to world heath report, there are 1,788,600 people in this world suffering from Iron deficiency anaemia. Iron deficiency anaemia is foremost prevalent disease-causing morbidity in world and therefore it is always absolutely necessary to detect this particular condition in early stages before the eventual development of various dreadful complications like Heart failure and Myocardial infarction. The aim of the study is to find incidence of iron deficiency anaemia in patients with hypo proliferative anaemia presentation, with a possible iron deficient state, by analyzing the haematological and biochemical parameters.

Methods: The study was conducted from November 2017 to May 2018 for a period of 6 months which included 50 subjects from both sex groups, aged 20-80 years with the diagnosis of hypo proliferative anaemia.

Results: The study results indicate that females (60%) were significantly overrepresented compared to males (40%). Of the 50 subjects 38% were in stage of negative iron balance (stage1) and 32% were in stage of iron deficient erythropoiesis(stage2) and 30% were in normal stage.

Conclusions: This Observational study showed a majority of patients with hypo-proliferative anaemia presenting at early stages of negative iron balance and iron deficient erythropoiesis thereby indicating the importance of initiating iron therapy at an early stage even without correlative iron studies.


Keywords


Hypo-proliferative anaemia, Iron deficient erythropoiesis, Negative iron balance, Serum ferritin, Serum iron, Total iron binding capacity

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