Published: 2018-09-22

Incidence and profile of Helicobacter pylori infection among HIV positive patients

Ramapriya Rengaswamy, Thayumanavan I.


Background: People having HIV infection present with a number of symptoms related to gastrointestinal tract like dyspepsia. HIV itself as well as opportunistic infections is responsible for such symptoms. Notably is Helicobacter pylori infection causes variety of such symptoms. The objective of the present research was to study incidence and profile of Helicobacter pylori among HIV positive patients.

Methods: A hospital based cross sectional study was carried out over a period of two years among 101 HIV positive patients in the Department of General Medicine, Madurai Medical College, Madurai in collaboration with Department of Medical Gastroenterology and also Department of Venereology and Leporology. Rapid urease test was done. HIV status was confirmed by ELISA test. Data was analysed with the help of EPI statistical software.

Results: Majority (40.6%) had CD4 count of 200-500. It has been observed that incidence of Helicobacter pylori was low in groups with low CD4 count. It was also observed that those with higher CD4 count had higher incidence of RUT positivity. This association was found to be statistically significant. The incidence of Helicobacter pylori positivity was not significantly different among those patients who were on ART (18%) and those who were not on ART (21%).

Conclusions: The incidence of Helicobacter pylori infection was less in HIV positive patients. Those with CD4 cell count less than 100 had lower incidence of Helicobacter pylori infection than those with CD 4 cell count more than 500. Incidence of Helicobacter pylori infection was not affected by ART.


CD4 count, HIV positive, Rapid urease test

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