Published: 2018-11-22

Intravitreal dexamethasone as an adjunct for the treatment of dengue virus related maculopathy: a case report

Jimmy Joseph, Sathiyan Karunanidhi, Lally Alexander, Imran Ahmad Khan, Jishnu Narayanan Nair


Dengue infection related ocular pathology whether as a direct manifestation of coagulopathy or as a sequale of immunological reaction is being increasingly recognized in endemic regions and has expanded out into a spectrum with pan ocular presentation. Authors present a case of a young female from an endemic region who developed visual field abnormality and loss of vision several days after onset of fever. She was diagnosed with dengue virus infection and subsequently went on to develop thrombocytopenia requiring transfusion. Detailed ophthalmological evaluation revealed maculae edema, and changes consistent with neuroretinitis and posterior segment vasculitis. She was treated with a combination of pulse steroid therapy and intravitreal dexamethasone injection. Patient went on to have excellent visual recovery on follow up with no persisting visual field deficit.


AION, Centrocecal scotoma, Dengue, Intravitreal dexamethasone, Maculopathy, Neuroretinitis

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