Serum lipid profile among non diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease attending tertiary care hospital in West Bengal, India
Keywords:Chronic kidney disease, Dyslipidemia, Glomerular filtration rate, Non diabetic, Renal function
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major health deteriorating factor worldwide as well as in India. It encompasses various pathophysiological processes involving abnormal kidney function and thereby declination in glomerular filtration rate (GFR). CKD is known risk factor for dyslipidemia. Due to lack of studies of association between different lipid parameters and its association with severity of CKD in non-diabetic patients in Indian population, we designed a study aimed to describe the serum lipid profile in non-diabetic CKD patients.
Methods: This hospital based observational analytical was carried out in 60 subjects with CKD and non-diabetic. They were investigated for blood sugar parameters, lipid profile and renal function tests. Lipid profile was associated with different stages of CKD. Data was expressed as percentage and mean±SD.
Results: Mean BMI was found to be 21.6±2.7kg/m2. Most common symptom encountered was H/o edema in 98% subjects. Out of total sixty subjects’ maximum subjects were found to be in stage 4 (22 subjects, 36.7%). Significantly higher levels of serum creatinine (p <0.0001), and serum urea (p <0.0001) was observed in higher grade CKD stages in study subjects.
Conclusions: Total cholesterol (TC) and LDL were found to be significantly different amongst CKD stages having higher mean values in non-diabetic subjects. Serum TC, TG, LDL and VLDL were found to be significantly higher in subjects with advanced CKD (stage 3, stage 4). TC/HDL and LDL/HDL ratio were significantly higher in subjects with advanced CKD compared to initial stages of CKD in non-diabetic subjects.
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