Is vegetarian young adult male more affected by vitamin B12 deficiency anemia? A hospital based study

Shivraj Meena, Mohd. Arif, Vinod S. Jatav, Vinit Agarwal


Background: Prevalence of B12 deficiency in the general population has not been well established because a universally accepted normal B12 level has not been defined. Aim of the study was to study vegetarian young adult male more affected by vitamin B12 deficiency anemia.

Methods: The study was conducted in 120 patients at the department of medicine, Government medical college, Kota, a tertiary care teaching hospital in Rajasthan, India.

Results: Prevalence of B12 deficiency was 19.52%, B12 deficiency in male and female were 18.33% (22) 1nd 15.83% (19) respectively. B12 deficiency in age group <20 years, 21-40 years and >41 years were 3.33%, 29.16% and 1.66% respectively.

Conclusions: Low vitamin B12 concentrations are common in Indian young adult men, particularly in vegetarians. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings in other parts of India.



Vitamin B12, Vegetarian, Pancytopenia

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