Published: 2019-01-23

Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis a study to assess clinical profile among female patients in a tertiary care hospital

Amruth Gujjar, Sudindra Babu, Kalinga B. E.


Background: The Incidence of Cerebral Venous Thrombosis (CVT) is around 3-4 cases among one million population affecting children and young adults. In India the puerperal CVT is 10-12 times more common than western countries. Even though there is apparent “rarity” of the condition but advances in knowledge and available investigation in terms of imaging (CT scan/MRI) diagnosis can be done early for appropriate treatment and decreasing the morbidity and mortality.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted at Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli, Karnataka from December 2014 to November 2015. A total of 36 patients were included in the study.

Results: Mean age of females in the study was 27.06±9.033years.  75% had seizures, 47.2% had headache, 19.4% had focal neurological deficit, 13.9% had altered sensorium, 8.3% had cranial nerve deficits 5.6% had speech deficits.  72.22% of patients   and were in peripartum period and 27.8% were non-pregnant. 72.2% had superior sagittal sinus involvement, 47.2% had transverse sinus, 47.2% had sigmoid sinus, and 13.9% had internal jugular vein and 5.6% straight sinus. 47.2% had single sinus involvement, and 52.8% had multiple sinus involvement. 94.4% patients were managed conservatively and 5.6% were managed by neurosurgical intervention.  94.4% patients survived and 5.6% had mortality.

Conclusions: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is most common in young females during peripartum period. Early diagnosis, treatment and if necessary neurosurgical intervention has good outcome.


Cerebral venous thrombosis, Puerperal, Sinus, Thrombosis

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