Risk factor analysis and angiographic findings in young myocardial infarction patients in tertiary care centre of rural population in South India
Keywords:Coronary angiography, Risk factors, Young male
Background: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death and accounts for around 12million deaths annually worldwide. The pattern of coronary artery involvement and clinical outcome varies with age suggesting different underlying pathophysiology. Better understanding this specific problem will lead to further improvement in management. The aim was to study the risk factors and angiographic findings in young patients with acute myocardial infarction.
Methods: Thirty-nine patients were included in this study. Patients included in the study underwent elective angiographic performed by the percutaneous femoral approach using standard angiographic techniques. Echo and lipid profile were done to all patients. Data were analysed using MS-Excel.
Results: In this study, 39 patients were included, 37 male and 2 female patients, the average age of the patients was 35.12 years. 59% of patients had hypertriglyceridemia, 23.1% of patients hypercholesteremia. 45.9% of male patients were having a history of smoking and alcoholism. 84.6% of patients had obstructive CAD, single vessel disease was observed in 59%, double vessel disease in 7.7%, triple vessel in 2.6% patients.Conclusions: Acute myocardial infarction in young predominantly affects males. Dyslipidemia, smoking and alcoholism were found to be common associated factors in young MI. This emphasizes the need for lifestyle modification for primary prevention. Coronary angiography revealed normal coronaries in 12% suggesting different underlying process other than atherosclerosis. With timely intervention and appropriate management, prognosis is good in young MI patients.
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