Prevalance and clinical profile of metabolic syndrome in hypertensive patients and its correlation with insulin resistance

Gurinder Mohan, Tanish Dhir, Manish Chandey



Background:Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a collection of cardiometabolic risk factors that includes obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, and dyslipidaemia. Insulin resistance lies at the heart of the metabolic syndrome. The purpose of this study is to study the prevalence, clinical attributes of metabolic syndrome in hypertensive subjects and to find out the correlation between prevalence, clinical attributes of metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance.

Methods: About 200 diagnosed cases of hypertension as per Joint national committee 8 guidelines were included in this cross sectional single centric study. All patients were examined, history enquired and laboratory tests like lipid profile, fasting plasma glucose were done and diagnosis of metabolic syndrome made as per the National Cholesterol Education Program- Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Insulin resistance was calculated by Homeostatic model assessment method.

Results: Amongst the 200 subjects enrolled, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in hypertensive subjects was found to be 65%. 93.07% of patients with metabolic syndrome were having blood pressure >150/90 mm hg. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among smoker males was 54.25%. The most common co-morbidity in these subjects was raised triglycerides (96.29% in males, 90.78% in females) followed by low HDL levels (87.03% in males, 90.78% in females). Insulin resistance was found in 75 out of 130 patients who fulfilled the criteria of metabolic syndrome (57.69%), implying increased correlation of metabolic syndrome in hypertensive patients with insulin resistance (p value <0.05).

Conclusions: It was found that there is increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome in hypertensive patients and it correlates with insulin resistance. 


Insulin resistance, Metabolic syndrome, Obesity

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