DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20191148

The effect of educational program based on the health belief model in adopting dental caries preventive behaviour’s in pregnant mothers referring to health treatment centers in Ardabil

Nategh Abbasgholizadeh, Eslam Moradi-asl, Malek Abazari, Davoud Adham

Abstract


Background: Oral and dental diseases are one of the most common diseases and oral hygiene is one of the important branches of public health which is more important during pregnancy. This study aimed to determine the effect of the educational intervention on oral health behaviours in pregnant mothers.

Methods: In this intervention study, 170 pregnant women in the city of Ardabil were randomly selected and divided into two case and control groups (each of 85 people). The data were collected through a researcher-made questionnaire based on the Health Belief Model of oral health care and then they were analysed using the SPSS version 19.

Results: Demographic data in both case and control groups were approximately the same. The mean of health belief model variables increased significantly after intervention (P 0.05). Mothers also obtained the most information on the prevention of dental caries before intervention through television programs but after the intervention, they obtained the most information through the curriculum. In this study, before the intervention, 23.7% of mothers used dental floss once a day. After training, this amount reached 40.8% of mothers.

Conclusions: Findings showed that educational intervention based on the health belief model can promote oral health behaviours. Therefore, it is recommended to conduct health education courses at the community level.


Keywords


Health Belief Model, Pregnant mothers, Tooth decay

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmadpoor H, Maheri A, Shojaizadeh D. Effectiveness of nutrition education based on health belief model during pregnancy on knowledge and attitude of women referred to health centers of Gonbad Kavoos city. J Neyshabur Univ Med Sci. 2015;3(2):52-60.

Khoshfetrat MR, Hosseini SM, Saneian H. Effectiveness of iron supplementation (6-and 12-weeks) on hematological parameters among non-anemic iron deficient female students. J Shahrekord Uni Med Sci. 2012;13(6).

Kamalifard M, Ebrahimimamagani M, Omidi F. The effect of educational package on nutritional knowledge and behavior toward the coping with complication and supplement consumption. Armaghane Danesh Bimonthly J. 2013;18(3):228-40.

Croll JK, Neumark-Sztainer D, Story M. Healthy eating: what does it mean to adolescents? J Nutrition Edu. 2001;33(4):193-8.

Gharizadeh N, Haghiighizadeh M, Sabarhaji W, Karimi A. A study of DMFT and oral hygiene and gingival status among pregnant women attending Ahwaz health centres. Jundishapur Scientific Medical J. 2005;43:40.

HajiKazemi E, Mohseni SH, Oskouie F, Haghani HJIJoN. The association between knowledge, attitude and performance in pregnant women toward dental hygiene during pregnancy. 2005;18(43):31-8.

Azami M, Darvishi Z, Borji M, Sayehmiri K. The prevalence of anemia among pregnant women in Iran (2005-2016): a systematic review and meta-analysis study. J School Pub Heal Institute Pub Heal Res. 2016;14(1):15-30.

Jalambadani Z, Shojaei Zadeh D, Hoseini M, Sadeghi R. The effect of education for iron consumption based on the theory of planned behavior in pregnant women in Mashhad. J Clin Nursing Midwifery. 2015;4(2).

Bahri N, Iliati HR, Bahri N, Sajjadi M, Boloochi TJJMDS. Effects of oral and dental health education program on knowledge, attitude and short-time practice of pregnant women (Mashhad-Iran). 2012;36(1):1-12.

Jalili Z, Faghihzadeh S, Heidarnia AS, Hashemi SM. Precede model used to analyze the causal preventive behaviors 5-1 Salh maternal iron deficiency anemia in children. J Kerman Uni Med Sci. 2012;9(2):93-101.

Karami K, Shakerinejad G, Kabiry B. Effect of education based on health belief model on students'oral health behavior change. scientific J Ilam University Med Sci. 2014 Feb 1;21(7):134-41.

Arantes R, Santos RV, Frazão PJIdj. Oral health in transition: the case of Indigenous peoples from Brazil. 2010;60(3S2):235-40.

Sharifirad GR, Tol A, Mohebi S, Matlabi M, Shahnazi H, Shahsiah M. The effectiveness of nutrition education program based on health belief model compared with traditional training. J Edu Heal Promotion. 2013;2.

Mirmohammadaliei M, Moddares M, Babaei G, Kamravamanesh M. Effect of education on the knowledge and applying folic acid supplement in women at reproductive ages. J Hayat. 2004;10(2):31-8.

Safdari Z, Ghodsi F. The effect of education on level of knowledge towards the role and consumption of folic acid supplement in pregnancy. JQUMS. 2008;12(3):32-7.

Jalili Z, Faghihzadeh S, Heidarnia AS, Hashemi SM. Precede model used to analyze the causal preventive behaviors 5-1 Salh maternal iron deficiency anemia in children. J Kerman Uni Med Sci. 2012;9(2):93-101.

Amani R, Soflaei M. Nutrition education alone improves dietary practices but not hematologic indices of adolescent girls in Iran. Food Nutrition Bulletin. 2006;27(3):260-4.

Hosseiny M. Survey knowledge, attitude and practice girl’s students about iron deficiency anemia. J Med Sc Uni Gorgan. 2006;8(3):37-43.

Hazavehei SM, Jalili Z, Heydarnia AR, Faghihzadeh S. Application of the PRECEDE model for controlling iron-deficiency anemia among children aged 1-5, Kerman, Iran. Promotion Edu. 2006;13(3):173-7.

Ivan BR, Mashoofi M, Hosseini M, Wakili Z, Mahmoodi KM, Shahrivar F. The effect of education on knowledge, attitude & practice of mid-school girls on iron–deficiency anemia in khalkhal in 2009. 2011.

Motamedi N, Hejazi SH, Hazavehei SMM, Saberi S, Rahimi EJJMM. Effect of education based on Health Belief Model on promoting preventive behavior of coetaneous leishmaniasis. J Mil Med. 2010;11(4):231-6.