Vitamin D deficiency: is it real? Need to re-evaluate in context to the latest research findings
Keywords:Vitamin D, Anti-ricketic, Osteomalacia
Till some two decade ago vitamin D was better known as ‘anti-ricketic vitamin’, and was known to cause rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. But suddenly this sunshine vitamin has gained all the attention from internist, specialist to super specialist in the field of medical science.At present even common men are more aware of vitamin D and its associated clinical conditions than what a medical practitioner knew some 20 years ago. Everyone is inquisitive about vitamin D.
Holick MF. Vitamin D Deficiency. N Engl J Med. 2007;357:266-81.
Sarmah D, Sharma B. Interpreting the Laboratory Reports for Vit D. JAPI. 2014;62:797-800.
Holick MF, Biancuzzo RM, Chen TC, Klein EK, Young A, Bibuld D, et al. Vitamin D2 is as effective as vitamin D3 in maintaining circulating concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008;93(3):677-81.
Lai JK, Lucas RM, Clements MS, Harrison SL, Banks E. Assessing vitamin D status: Pitfalls for the unwary. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2010;54(8):1062-71.
Webb AR, Engelsen O. Calculated ultraviolet exposure levels for a healthy vitamin D status. Photochem Photobiol. 2006;82(6):1697-703.
Engelsen O. Norwegian Institute for Air Research (2005). Calculated Ultraviolet Exposure Levels for a Healthy Vitamin D Status. Available at: http://nadir.nilu.no/~olaeng/fastrt/VitD_quart MED. html Accessed on 21 December 2012.
Ginde AA, Liu MC, Camargo CA Jr. Demographic differences and trends of vitamin D insufficiency in the US population, 1988-2004. Arch Intern Med. 2009;169:626-32.
Genuis SJ, Schwalfenberg GK, Hiltz MN, Vaselenak SA. Vitamiin D status of clinical practice populations at higher latitudes: Analysis and applications. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2009;6:151-73.
Oliveri B, Plantalech L, Bagur A, Wittich AC, Rovai G, Pusiol E, et al. High prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in healthy elderly people living at home in Argentina. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58:337-42.
Burnand B, Sloutskis D, Gianoli F, Cornuz J, Rickenbach M, Paccaud F, et al. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D: Distribution and determinants in the Swiss population. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992;56:537-42.
Flicker L, Mead K, MacInnis RJ, Nowson C, Scherer S, Stein MS, et al. Serum vitmin D and falls in older women in residential care in Australia. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003;51:1533-8.
Hashemipour S, Larijani B, Adibi H, Javadi E, Sedaghat M, Pajouhi M, et al. Vitamin D deficiency and causative factors in the population of Tehran. BMC Public Health. 2004;4:38.
Marwaha RK, Tandon N, Reddy DR, Aggarwal R, Singh R, Sawhney RC, et al. Vitmin D and bone mineral density status of healthy schoolchildren in northern India. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;82:477-82.
Daniels ED, Pettifor JM, Schnitzler CM, Moodley GP, Zachen D. Differences in mineral homeostasis, volumetric bone mass and femoral neck axis length in black and white South African women. Osteoporos Int. 1997;7:105-12.
Angurana SK, Angurana RS, Mahajan G, Kumar N, Mahajan V. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in apparently healthy children in north India. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2014;27:1151-6.
Ritu G, Gupta A. Vitamin D deficiency in India: Prevalence, causalities and interventions. Nutrients. 2014;6(2):729-75.
Michael FH. Vitamin D Deficiency. The New England Journal of Medicine. 2007;357:266-81.
Mitchell GS, Ann MG. Vitamin D: The More We Know, the Less We Know. Clinical Chemistry. 2015;61(3):462-5.
IOM. Dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2011.
Binkley N, Krueger DC, Morgan S, Wiebe D. Current status of clinical 25‐hydroxyvitamin D measurement: an assessment of between‐laboratory agreement. Clin Chimi Acta. 2010;411(23-24):1976-82.
Sharma B, Sarmah D, Sonker P. Effect of different anticoagulants on HBA1C estimation and its stability. J Lab Physicians. 2013;5(2):143-4.