DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20191136

A cross sectional study of clinical profile and evaluation of pulmonary hypertension in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease patients in a tertiary care hospital of Mangalore, India

Kshama S. Ramesh, Devdas B. Rai, Shayma Sheikh Abdulla, Jyothsna B. K.

Abstract


Background: The objectives was to study the clinical profile of COPD patients and to evaluate pulmonary hypertension in COPD patients by non-invasive methods.

Methods: A prospective observational study of patients who satisfy all inclusion and exclusion criteria in OPD or admitted in medical wards of AJIMS Mangalore. The study was conducted from October 2017 to October 2018 with the sample size of 90 subjects

Results: Out of 90 subjects 53 (58.8%) of them had pulmonary hypertension. Among the subjects who had pulmonary hypertension 29 (54.72%) of them had moderate pulmonary hypertension, 17 (32.08%) of them had severe pulmonary hypertension and 7 (13.20%) of them had mild pulmonary hypertension. Mean age among the subjects who had pulmonary hypertension was 64.24+7.62yrs and mean age among the subjects who didn’t had pulmonary hypertension was 51.87+8.97yrs. There was a statistically significant difference found between mean age and pulmonary hypertension. Mean duration of diseases among the subjects who had pulmonary hypertension was 8.13+1.74yrs and Mean duration of diseases among the subjects who didn’t had pulmonary hypertension was 5.36+1.98yrs. There was a statistically significant difference found between mean duration of disease and pulmonary hypertension.

Conclusions: Due to high prevalence of pulmonary hypertension we suggest screening for the all COPD patients for cardiac complications. This will help in identifying the individual who requires close monitoring and also in reducing the mortality.


Keywords


COPD, Pulmonary hypertension, Non-invasive methods

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