DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20192249

Role of educational intervention with practical demonstration in improving inhaler technique

Bharat Bhushan, Kulbir Singh, Jebin Abraham, Deepak Goyal, Arjun Bhatnager, Jain Thomas Chungath, Heena Bharti, Karan Sharma

Abstract


Background: Chronic respiratory diseases are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma being the most common. There is under-utilization of the basic tools of inhalation therapy technique(s) in their management. Implementation of a personalized educational and demonstrational intervention by the attending physician during regular follow-up visits of these patients will substantially improve the treatment outcome.

Methods: This prospective interventional study was conducted on 239 diagnosed cases of asthma and COPD. Inhaler technique was assessed in accordance to standard checklist and errors were corrected by a practical demonstration. A follow-up assessment was conducted for the same after 2 weeks. Data thus collected was evaluated.

Results: Out of 239 patients, 47.6% (n=114) reported for follow-up assessment. Average reporting time for follow-up assessment was 27.4 days. Amongst them, an improvement of at least one step was found in 86.8% (n= 99) and about 28% (n=32) patients performed all steps correctly. Average number of steps improved was 2.1.

Conclusions: Majority of the patients showed an improvement in the inhaler technique during follow-up assessment after an educational intervention and practical demonstration. Near perfection was achieved by about more than quarter of the patients. Regular practical demonstration of the inhalation technique during subsequent follow-up sessions unequivocally improves results.


Keywords


Asthma, COPD, Education, Inhaler technique, Practical demonstration

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