Spectrum of prostate gland lesions: a clinico-pathologic study in south-western Bihar, India
Keywords:Benign nodular hyperplasia, Hemangiopericytoma, Papillary carcinoma, Prostate adenocarcinoma, Sarcomatoid carcinoma
Background: Prostate gland is an endocrine dependent organ in males and age-related lesions involve it. Inflammation, benign nodular hyperplasia and tumours are the commonest to involve it worldwide. Occasionally some other pathological changes can also involve it. The study was carried out for the first time to know the spectrum and prevalence of prostate lesions which will be of help to the clinicians in this location.
Methods: Retrospective study was carried out for a period of four years and out of surgical cases of males which underwent operative procedure, prostate cases were retrieved and in the department of pathology, haematoxylin and eosin stained slides were evaluated and diagnosed.
Results: A total of 138 cases were included and five cases were excluded from this series. Benign nodular hyperplasia (73.9%) was the commonest finding followed by chronic prostatitis associated with hyperplasia (15.2%), atypical glandular hyperplasia (2.9%) and prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (2.1%). Malignant tumours were 5.8% constituting adenocarcinoma prostate as the most common (62.5%). A case of hemangiopericytoma was also diagnosed.
Conclusions: Benign nodular hyperplasia of prostate is the most common affliction among males starting at age 45 years. Early consultation and screening will be of immense value. Adenocarcinoma prostate may involve at age around 58 years.
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