DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20195228

The study of correlation between Body Mass Index and glycemic control-HbA1c in diabetes type 2 patients

Rakesh K. Sisodia, Mahendra Chouhan

Abstract


Background: Obesity has major adverse effects on health. Obesity is associated with an increase in mortality, with a 50-100% increased risk of death from all causes compared to normal-weight individuals, mostly due to cardiovascular causes. The aim of this study was to correlate Body Mass Index (BMI) and glycaemic control (HbA1c) in type 2 Diabetic patients.

Methods: In this study 100 patients of type 2 diabetic were subjected to detailed history, clinical examination, BMI, HbA1c and routine biochemical investigations.

Results: Out of 100 diabetic patients included in this study 62 of them were male and 38 were female. Among 100 patients. Majority of patients were overweight (BMI 25-29.9) which is account to about 58 of total cases, 30 patients were normal BMI and 12 patients were obese. Statistical analysis a positive correlation found between BMI and poor glycaemic control (HbA1c), which is significant.

Conclusions: From this study it was concluded that obesity (BMI) is associated with poor glycaemic control.


Keywords


Body mass index, Diabetes type 2, Glycated haemoglobin, Obesity

Full Text:

PDF

References


Powers AC, Niswender KD, Carmella Evan-Molina. Diabetes mellitus: Diagnosis, classification, and pathophysiology. In: Anthony S. Fauci, eds. Harrison’s principales of internal medicine. 20th ed. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill Education;2018:2851.

Flier JS, Maratos-Flier E. Pathobiology of obesity. In: Anthony S. Fauci, editor. Harrison’s principals of internal medicine. 20th ed. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill Education;2018:2837-2842.

Woo YC, Cheung BM, Yeung CY, Lee CH, Hui EY, Fong CH, et al. Cardiometabolic risk profile of participants with prediabetes diagnosed by HbA1c criteria in an urban Hong Kong Chinese population over 40 years of age. Diabetic Med. 2015 Sep;32(9):1207-11.

American Diabetes Association. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes - 2008. Diabetes Care. 2008 Jan;31 Suppl 1:S12-54.

Robert F. Kushner. Evaluation and management of obesity. In: Anthony S. Fauci, editor. Harrison’s principales of internal medicine. 20th ed. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill Education;2018:2844.

Tomić M, Tamara P, Pavlic-Renar I, Metelko Ž. Obesity-risk factor for microvascuar and neuropatic complication in diabetes?. Diabetologia Croatica. 2003 Jan 1;32(3):73-7.

Sheth J, Shah A, Sheth F, Trivedi S, Nabar N, Shah N, et al. The association of dyslipidemia and obesity with glycated hemoglobin. Clini Diabetes Endocrinol. 2015 Dec;1(1):6:1-7.

Babikr WG, Alshahrani AS, Hamid HG, Abdelraheem AH, Shalayel MH. The correlation of HbA1c with body mass index and HDL-cholesterol in type 2 diabetic patients. Biomed Res. 2016 Jan 1;27(4):1280-3.