Anemia and inflammation, a link between end stage kidney disease and left ventricular hypertrophy


  • T. Madhusudhana Rao Department of General Medicine, Maharajah’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Nellimarla, Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • B. H. V. K. Praveen Varma Department of Biochemistry, Maharajah’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Nellimarla, Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • D. S. S. K. Raju Department of Biochemistry, Maharajah’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Nellimarla, Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh, India



Anemia, End stage kidney disease, Inflammation, Left ventricular hypertrophy


Background: Based on Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) Chronic Kidney Disease patients are classified into five stages. It starts with early stage of CKD and finally ends with End Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD). Anemia and inflammation are major medical complication in End Stage Kidney Disease and leads cardio vascular complications like LVH.

Methods: A cross sectional study carried out over a 2 year period in Department Nephrology and General Medicine OPD, MIMS, Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh, India 120 in which 60 are normal healthy individuals and 60 are End stage kidney Disease. In all the participants Serum creatinine, blood urea, Serum Iron, TIBC, TSAT% Serum ferritin, Serum CRP, IL-6 and TNF-α was measured. All the EDTA blood samples were analyzed for complete blood count. 

Results: The diagnostic criteria for CKD like blood urea and serum creatinine were significantly higher in ESKD. There is a significantly increased level of Left ventricular mass index in ESKD when compared with Control. The mean erythrocyte indices are decreased in ESKD. The mean serum iron, TIBC and TSAT% decreased ESKD. Whereas serum ferritin significant increase in ESKD group and the mean serum CRP IL-6 and TNF-α significant increase in ESKD group when compared with control

Conclusion: Present study finding suggested that there is a raised inflammatory marker in ESKD patients due to inflammation and it further changes serum ferritin, serum iron and TIBC. The above altered factors leads to changes in erythrocyte indices and leads to anemia which ends with cardiovascular complication like Left Ventricular Hypertrophy.


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