DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20161102

Screening for diabetes using Indian diabetes risk score

Saranya Nagalingam, Kavitha Sundaramoorthy, Balaji Arumugam

Abstract


Background: Prevalence of type 2 diabetes has escalated to beyond the projected values in many countries like India, so it becomes mandatory to screen the population to recognize the disease early. This study was carried out with the objective of screening the adult population using the pre validated MDRF-IDRS questionnaire.

Methods: This study was done among adult population as community based cross sectional study around semi urban population of Chennai near Ponamallee and Avadi. House to house survey was done and the population was randomly selected randomly among adults of more than 20 years of age and not a known diabetic patients.

Results: Our study included 304 study participants with the mean age of 41.5 years, majority 55% females, 73% belonging to nuclear family and majority were from class II socio economic status. Around 74% were non vegetarian population with smoking and alcohol habits 20% and 23% respectively. According to IDRS score of MDRF the study population were classified to be low, medium and high risk for developing type 2 diabetes were 18%, 45% and 37% respectively.

Conclusion: Our study has described that the majority of the adult population were at medium and high risk of developing type 2 diabetes which is actually a dangerous sign for the community, needing lifestyle changes to be initiated as soon as possible to delay the occurrence of type 2 diabetes.


Keywords


Type 2 diabetes, Screening, Indian diabetes risk score, BMI, Waist circumference

Full Text:

PDF

References


Gupta OP, Joshi MH, Dave SK. Prevalence of Diabetes in India. Adv Metab Disord. 1978;9:147-65.

Chow CK, Raju PK, Raju R, Reddy KS. The prevalence and management of Diabetes in rural India. Diabetes Care. 2006;29:1717-8.

World Health Organization. South East Asian Region Office. Health situation in South East Asian Region. (1998 - 2000). Regional Office for SEAR New Delhi, 2002. Available from http:www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Health_Situation_book.pdf. (Last accessed on 19.02.2016).

Schwarz PE, Li J, Lindstrom J, Tuomilehto J. Tools for predicting the risk of type 2 diabetes in daily practice. Horm Metab Res. 2009;41(2):86-97.

Mohan V, Deepa R, Deepa M, Somannavar S, Datta M. A simplified Indian Diabetes Risk Score for screening for undiagnosed diabetic subjects. J Assoc Physicians India. 2005;53:759-63.

Ramachandran A, Snehalatha C, Vijay V, Wareham NJ, Colagiuri S. Derivation and validation of diabetes risk score for urban Asian Indians. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2005;70(1):63-70.

Vardhan A, Adhikari MRP, Kotian SM, Shankar N, Gupta S, Tripathy A. Value of IDRS among Medical Students and Its Correlation with Fasting Plasma Glucose, Blood Pressure and Lipid Profile. J Clin Diagn Res. 2012;6(9):1528-30.

Stanley JML, Elantamilan D, Mohanasundaram K, Kumaravel TS. Evaluation of Indian diabetic risk score for screening undiagnosed diabetes subjects in the community. Indian J Sci Technol. 2012;5(6).

Adhikari P, Pathak R, Kotian S. Validation of the MDRF - Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS) in another South Indian population through the Boloor Diabetes Study (BDS). J Assoc Physicians India. 2010;58:434-6.