Awareness regarding self care among diabetics in urban slum of Kolkata: a community-based, cross-sectional study
Keywords:Awareness, Community based diabetics, Self-care, Urban slum
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a disease associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Patients with diabetes have higher rates of coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, retinopathy, neuropathy and nephropathy. Many of these complications can be prevented with appropriate medical care that often requires significant alterations in lifestyle and strict adherence to self-care tasks to obtain good control of disease. Awareness regarding the complications of this disease will play a vital role in its prevention and control. While lack of adherence to the treatment and self-care leads to poor glycemic control, thereby, increasing hazardous complications. Objective of the study was the present study was conducted to assess the knowledge of diabetic patients regarding the disease and its complications, and to estimate the knowledge and adherence to self-care practices concerned with Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Methods: The study was conducted in Tangra an urban slum of Kolkata from July 2018 to December 2018. A house to house survey was conducted to identify the known diabetics in the community and data of 362 patients were collected.
Results: A total of 362 diabetic patients consented and participated in the study of whom 191(52.76%) were male and 171(42.74%) female. Majority of the respondents (26.52%) between the age of 50-59 years, 140(38.67%) belonged to upper middle class. Though 332(91.71%) respondents were aware regarding diet control but only 170(46.96%) were actually practicing the recommended diet schedules. Knowledge of the respondents regarding eye, foot, skin and dental care was very low, only 67(18.51%), 102(28.28%), 62(17.13%) and 46(12.71%) respondents were aware respectively and practices were still lower.
Conclusions: Overall the level of self-care activities among diabetic patients in our study was quite low. Government policies should help in creating guidelines on comprehensive diabetes management within the primary health care setting including availability of medicines and diagnostic services and creating public awareness.
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