DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20200081

A cross sectional study to determine the prevalence and risk factors of non alcoholic fatty liver diseases among diabetics I and II

Geetha Navuduri, Asma .

Abstract


Background: Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is an important health problem globally as well as in India. The present was taken to determine the prevalence of NAFLD among diabetics attending a tertiary care hospital in Telangana.

Methods: A total of 75 subjects who were all diabetics were taken. The diagnosis of NAFLD was done using Ultra sonogram. Preliminary information along with duration of diabetes, Waist Hip Ratio, Body Mass Index, Triglycerides and Cholesterol was collected and analyzed.

Results: The prevalence of NAFLD among diabetics was 41.3%. Majority of the subjects belonged to age group of 41-60 years. The prevalence of NAFLD among females was 35.99%. Among patients who had Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease 74.19% had Waist Hip ratio >1. Almost 90.3% had higher levels of triglycerides (>180 mg/dl).

Conclusions: The prevalence of NAFLD among diabetics was comparatively high. Early diagnosis, treatment, awareness and education is needed to reduce the burden of NAFLD.


Keywords


Body mass index, Diabetes mellitus, Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, Triglycerides and cholesterol, Waist hip ratio

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