High sensitivity C-reactive protein level in cerebrovascular accident
Keywords:Hemorrhagic stroke, High sensitivity C-reactive protein, Ischemic stroke, Modified rankin scale
Background: Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide according to WHO. High sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (hs-CRP) is an acute phase reactant which is being studied extensively to delineate its role in development of stroke as well as in prognostication. This study was done to assess correlation of hs-CRP with risk factors of stroke and its association with types of stroke and prognosis.
Methods: A prospective case control study of 100 patients with acute stroke along with 100 controls was conducted with informed consent. At baseline, hs-CRP levels were measured and Modified Rankin Scale (MRS) was assessed. On day 90 the Modified Rankin Scale was assessed again. Patients were divided into groups based on hs-CRP levels and MRS and the results were analysed.
Results: Prevalence of stroke was more in men than women (p=0.0002). Statistically significant difference was found between mean hs-CRP levels in men (4.722±0.8982 mg/L) and women (4.133±0.9446 mg/L) (p=0.005) and between cases and controls (p=0.0003). There was no significant association with type of stroke (p=0.456). Mean total cholesterol levels between cases and controls showed statistically significant difference (p=0.0005). High MRS was significantly associated with high hs-CRP levels (p=0.003). Higher hs-CRP on day 1 correlated with higher MRS on day 90.
Conclusions: hs-CRP level is increased in stroke and shows significant association with severity of stroke and prognosis.
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