A review of role of lung ultrasound and clinical congestion score in acute left ventricular failure


  • Praveen M. P. Department of General Medicine, MGMCRI, Pondicherry, India
  • Lokesh Shanmugam Department of General Medicine, MGMCRI, Pondicherry, India
  • P. Arun Prasath Department of General Medicine, MGMCRI, Pondicherry, India




Acute heart failure, Clinical Congestion score, Hospital stay, Kerly B lines, Lung ultrasound


Congestive cardiac failure (CCF) is a worldwide phenomenon and affects millions of people years and is accompanied with high mortality. The present review is undertaken to evaluate the usefulness of Lung Ultrasound Scan in diagnosis and to identify its role as a marker of clinical outcome in patients with Acute LVF. A review of literature was done to find the role of lung ultrasound and clinical congestion score in acute left ventricular failure from search engines such as PubMed, google scholar. Major exclusion criteria were the studies that included patients with Right Ventricular Failure, renal insufficiency, other respiratory causes of breathlessness like pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, pneumothorax and pleural effusion. This review concluded that lung ultrasonography is as a rapid, non-invasive, bedside tool for the diagnosis and risk assessment of pulmonary congestion in Acute LVF.


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