DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20201106

Haematological profile and its outcome in different species of malaria: a two year study

Usham Gangaram, Malli Dorasanamma, Giri Raju Sarikonda, Tupili Ramya

Abstract


Background: Malaria is a major health problem in many parts of India and some parts of Andhra Pradesh, which is also one of the endemic areas for malaria. Several factors have been attributed to increased morbidity and mortality in malaria especially with altered hematological and coagulation parameters playing an important role. The aim of present study was to study the hematological and coagulation abnormalities that correspond to severity and the final outcome.

Methods: The present study was    carried out on 100    patients admitted during the period of November 2016 to October 2018 at Narayana Medical College and hospital, Nellore. All of these patients were confirmed by Peripheral Smear or MPQBC or Antigen Assay   followed by detailed clinical history, physical examination and investigated with hematological and coagulation parameters. Then subsequently required routine and special investigation which was followed by monitoring the outcome of the patients with respect to morbidity and mortality.

Results: Out of 100 patients 20 patients had severe anemia (Hb% <7 gm%) and most of them patients were falciparum and mixed infection cases. Thrombocytopenia was observed in 63% of the patients and severe thrombocytopenia (<50,000 mm3) was seen in 12% of the patients. PT and APTT were increased in 18% and 13% of the cases respectively. BT was increased in 5% of the cases.  None of the patients expired in this study.

Conclusions: severe anemia is a poor prognostic factor and has adverse outcome. Thrombocytopenia, increased PT, APTT does not have any correlation to mortality.


Keywords


Different species, Hematological profile, Malaria, Outcome, Severe anemia, Thrombocytopenia

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