DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20202574

Clinical presentation, risk factors and factors affecting short term outcome in patients with cerebral venous thrombosis

Josy J. Vallippalam, Balakrishnan R., Saloni Krishna, Karthik Thamaraikannan, Nitya Suresh

Abstract


Background: Cerebral venous thrombosis is a rare cause of stroke, with a predilection to females. Since the past two decades its morbidity and mortality had decreased because of the new effective diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. This study mainly intends to assess, the clinical and aetiological factors of cerebral venous thrombosis and the factors predicting its short-term outcome. Objective was to study the factors influencing the short-term outcome of CVT and to study the pattern of clinical presentation and risk factors for CVT.

Methods: It was a cross-sectional study done at a tertiary care Centre in Tamil Nadu, in adult CVT patients from august 2018 to august 2019. Clinical, aetiological and radiological data were collected from patients and assessed and factors influencing the short-term outcome at discharge and at 15 days after discharge were studied. Data was analysed using SPSS16 software. Analysis of the descriptive data was performed and independent factors influencing the short-term outcome were analysed subsequently.

Results: Males predominated in the study with a mean age of 38yrs. Most common presentation was headache. Infarct was present in 61 (56.5%). The most common site of venous involvement was superior sagittal sinus 81 (75%). Short term outcome had shown a significant association with hypertension (p value -0.019 and odds ratio-65.439) and baseline MRS (p value- 0.000, OR - 0.004) only.

Conclusions: Nowadays, the mortality and morbidity of CVT has decreased. Hypertension has emerged as an independent predictive factor in the short -term outcome of CVT.


Keywords


Clinical presentation, Cerebral venous thrombosis, Patients, Risk factors, Short term outcome

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