DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20160199

Prevalence, risk factors and clinical presentations of patients with peripheral vertigo: a retrospective study from a tertiary care hospital

Raveendran Krishnan Rahul, Chakramakal Joseph Andrews, Karuthedath Sridevi Karuthedath Sridevi, Arayamparambil Rajagopalan Vinayakumar

Abstract


Background: A retrospective study was conducted to find out the clinical presentations and risk factors of peripheral vertigo.

Methods: Sixty patients with peripheral vertigo (age 20-79 years) who had presented with signs of vertigo were included in the study. A thorough history was taken from the subjects. The prevalence, clinical presentations and risk factors were subjected to statistical analysis.

Results: Total 60 patients of age 20-79 years (15 males and 45 females) were included in the study. Based on the distribution of risk factors, age group 40-59 was highest followed by the age group of 60-79. The prevalence of incidence was significantly found in females (P < 0.01). The clinical manifestations presented were spinning, about to faint, light-headiness, disequilibrium and both spinning and about to faint. Spinning plus about to faint was significantly (p < 0.01) found as the major clinical manifestation with a female dominance (19/25). This was highly significant (p < 0.05) in the age group of 40-59 years (8/19). Disequilibrium (10%) was the least clinical presentation. Among the risk factors, the patient with ear infection was significantly found (31.6%) with predominance for female (12/19).

Conclusions: The result concluded that prevalence of incidence was significantly found in females of age group 40-59 with clinical presentation of both spinning and about to faint. Risk factor of ear infection was significantly found. These observations will help a surgeon to recognize which all patients need inpatient management or emergency intervention. Furthermore, the need for awareness about the prompt treatment of ear infection is emphasized.


Keywords


Vertigo, Vertebrobasilar insufficiency, Light-headiness, Spinning, Disequilibrium, Labyrinthitis

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