Assessment of occurrence of metabolic syndrome among post-menopausal women
Keywords:Components of metabolic syndrome, Metabolic syndrome, Postmenopausal women, Waist circumference
Background: Metabolic syndrome is described by the clustering of several risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, Insulin resistance, and high fasting plasma glucose. Objective of this study was to determine the frequency and evaluate the components of metabolic syndrome in post-menopausal women.
Methods: This Descriptive study was conducted in OPD as well as IPD of Department of Medicine, Sri Siddhartha Medical college Hospital and Research Centre, Tumkur After obtaining written informed consent. Period of study was 24 months. Purposive sampling was used.
Results: Mean age of post-menopausal women was 54.19±8.454 years. Mean age of menopause was 45.41±2.428. Majority of patients between were between 45-50 years (33.7%). There were high number of women (34.6%) whose postmenopausal duration ranged between 6-10 years. In our study 10(9.6%) postmenopausal women had type 2 DM and 15(14.4%) postmenopausal women had HTN. Metabolic syndrome was present in 65(62.5%) postmenopausal women and absent in 39(37.5%) postmenopausal women. Waist circumference >80 cm (68.3) was the most prevalent component of metabolic syndrome followed by HDL <50 mg/dl (53.8%), BP>130/80 mmHg (51%) triglycerides >150 mg/dl (44.2%)/ and FBS>100 mg/dl (39.4%). There was statistical significance observed between the components of metabolic syndrome and metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women.
Conclusions: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was high in our study. The components of metabolic syndrome such as waist circumference, FBS, blood pressure, triglycerides were significantly raised and HDL levels were significantly reduced in post-menopausal women with metabolic syndrome.
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