Revisiting the role of therapeutic drug monitoring in optimizing treatment outcomes in patients of bipolar affective disorders receiving lithium therapy: a prospective observational study


  • Santanu Munshi Department of Pharmacology, Calcutta National Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
  • Agnik Pal Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine & JNM Hospital, Kalyani, West Bengal, India



Bipolar affective disorder, Lithium, Therapeutic drug monitoring, Therapeutic optimization, Young Mania Rating Scale


Background: Lithium continues to be considered first-line therapy for treatment of acute mania, acute mixed bipolar disease and long-term prophylaxis of bipolar disorder. Present study was done to study the pattern of drug therapy in bipolar affective disorder patients with special reference to lithium in the routine psychiatric outpatients care setting of a tertiary care teaching hospital as well as to understand the prospect of therapeutic drug monitoring in optimization of lithium therapy based on outcome.

Methods: It was a prospective, non-randomized, observational study of a cohort of subjects who are suffering from bipolar affective disorders and on lithium therapy. Patients were prospectively followed up three monthly for three visits with therapeutic drug monitoring of their plasma lithium level, as and when advised by the treating physician, and pre-formed questionnaires.

Results: Results revealed there was significant improvement in symptoms of patients who were monitored with therapeutic drug monitoring and prescribed lithium therapy in accordance with clinical pharmacological consultation for optimal dosing resulting in optimal benefit to patients.

Conclusions: With regular therapeutic monitoring, optimal target serum lithium levels can be achieved with dosage modifications thereby reducing the risk of toxicity with improved drug compliance. Thus, individualization of dosing and optimization of treatment can be achieved by dependable analytical laboratory services, better psycho-education, family support and overall a disease-based management team approach with the involvement of clinical Pharmacologist to meet the complexities of lithium therapy.


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