Overview of novel routes of insulin: current status

Lopamudra Roy, Mounamukhar Bhattacharjee


Diabetes mellitus is the chronic pathogenic condition which is primarily due to inadequate insulin secretion and is responsible for major healthcare problems worldwide cost billions of dollars annually. For more than 84 years of time, Insulin replacement therapy had been used to manage to overcome the complications and this present review is based on the various routes of insulin delivery based on its safety and efficacy. Depending upon the effective duration of action, insulin activity varies from 1.5 to 27 hours and to reduce insulin burden, now a days it can be delivered in sensor-augmented pump therapy, various types of insulin Pen as well as routes like inhalation, colonic insulin, buccal, intra- peritonea and ocular, rectal, vaginal delivery of insulin etc. had been added to it. This review examines some of the recent proposals for various routes of application of Insulin delivery system along with the particular attention to its latest intervention of novel drug delivery system.


Glycemic control, Mellitus, Drug administration routes, Inhalation insulin

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