Published: 2017-01-22

A study of outlet forceps in modern era

Shreya Parthasarathy Iyengar, Megha Snehal Patel


Background: Aim of current study was to study the use of outlet forceps in modern obstetrics and find out its fetal and maternal outcomes.

Methods: Observational study of 50 cases of outlet forceps application over a period of 3 years and our institution from June 2012 to May 2015.

Results: Outlet forceps was more commonly used in primipara patient between 21-30 years in term babies in prolonged second stage of labor and in case of fetal and maternal distress with perineal infiltration of local analgesia with minimal NICU admissions of the babies and minimal maternal perineal injuries.

Conclusions: Prophylactic use of forceps is a safe alternative to cut short the second stage of labor. Using outlet forceps the overall rates of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality are negligible and comparable to normal delivery. 


Pregnancy, Outlet forceps, Fetal outcome, Maternal injuries

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