DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20211468

A descriptive cross-sectional study on the awareness level towards the COVID-19 among the internet users of Bangladesh

Fahad Bin Aziz Pavel, Shimul Halder, Md Saeed Siddik, Md Abdul Muhit

Abstract


Background: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), a pandemic worldwide is caused by SARS-CoV-2 and represents the causative agent of a potentially contagious disease that is of great global public health concern. The present study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice towards the COVID-19 pandemic among the internet users of Bangladesh.

Methods: A web-based cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with a structured questionnaire implemented through google form and circulated online over distinctive social media from April 2020 to June 2020. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 23.0 employing univariate, bivariate and multivariate techniques and also one-way ANOVA where applicable.

Results: From the obtained data, 98.8% of the participants were aware of the COVID-19, among them 60.7% obtained the information from social media. The general transmission knowledge level score was found at 3.37±0.71. Overall knowledge level score on signs and symptoms and treatment options were found 2.8±0.05 and 5.17±1.44, respectively. This study demonstrated that a significant portion of the population (80.7%) is dissatisfied with the role of the government in combating COVID-19. One-way ANOVA reveals that women show more adherence with practicing the precautions required to refrain from COVID-19 which was highly significant (p value 0.066). The backward likelihood ratio analysis showed that education and sex have significant p value in case of treatment knowledge score and practice score, respectively.

Conclusions: Although the perception towards the COVID-19 is encouraging among the populations who are using the internets, our study findings suggest that updated knowledge, safety guidelines and preventive measures must be provided by the concerned authorities to enhance the awareness and to reduce the spreadability of the COVID-19 outbreak.


Keywords


Awareness, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Perception, Internet

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Rohaimi AH, Otaibi FA. Novel SARS-CoV-2 outbreak and COVID19 disease; a systemic review on the global pandemic. Genes Dis. 2020;7(4):491-501.

Yuki K, Fujiogi M, Koutsogiannaki S. COVID-19 pathophysiology: a review. Clin Immunol. 2020;215:108427.

Sun J, He WT, Wang L, Lai A, Ji X, Zhai X, et al. COVID-19: Epidemiology, evolution, and cross-disciplinary perspectives. Trends Mol Med. 2020;26(5):483-95.

Rothan HA, Byrareddy SN. The epidemiology and pathogenesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. J Autoimmun. 2020;109:102433.

Singhal T. A review of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Indian J Pediatr. 2020;87(4):281-6.

Zhou P, Yang-Lou X, Wang XG, Hu B, Zhang L, Zhang W, et al. A pneumonia outbreak associated with a new coronavirus of probable bat origin. Nature. 2020;579(7798):270-3.

Wang L, Wang Y, Ye D, Liu Q. Review of the 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) based on current evidence. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2020;55(6):105948.

Papagiannis D, Malli F, Raptis DG, Papathanasiou IV, Fradelos EC, Daniil Z, et al. Assessment of knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) of health care professionals in greece before the outbreak period. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(14):4925.

Liu J, Liao X, Qian S, Yuan J, Wang F, Liu Y, et al. Community transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, Shenzhen, China, 2020. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020;26(6):1320-3.

Sanders JM, Monogue ML, Jodlowski TZ, Cutrell JB. Pharmacologic treatments for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a review. J Am Med Assoc. 2020;323(18):1824-36.

Haque T, Hossain KM, Bhuiyan MMR, Ananna SA, Chowdhury SH, Ahmed A, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19 and assessment of risks of infection by SARS-CoV-2 among the Bangladeshi population : an online cross sectional survey. Res Sq. 2020;2:1-21.

Zhai P, Ding Y, Wu X, Long J, Zhong Y, Li Y. The epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2020;55(5):105955.

Al-Hanawi MK, Angawi K, Alshareef N, Qattan AMN, Helmy HZ, Abudawood Y, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice toward COVID-19 among the public in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. Front Public Heal. 2020;8:217.

Taber KS. The use of Cronbach’s alpha when developing and reporting research instruments in science education. Res Sci Educ. 2018;48(6):1273-96.

Sohel M, Mohammad R, Ahmed S. Knowledge, attitude and practice on dengue fever transmission among urban and periurban residents of Dhaka city, Bangladesh. knowledge, attitude pract dengue fever transm among urban periurban resid Dhaka city, Bangladesh. Trop Med J. 2015;3(2).

Rahman A, Sathi NJ. Knowledge, attitude, and preventive practices toward COVID-19 among Bangladeshi internet users. Electron J Gen Med. 2020;17(5).

Zhong BL, Luo W, Li HM, Zhang QQ, Liu XG, Li WT, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. Int J Biol Sci. 2020;16(10):1745-52.

Nour MO, Babilghith AO, Natto HA, Al-Amin FO, Alawneh SM. Knowledge, attitude and practices of healthcare providers towards MERS-CoV infection at Makkah hospitals, KSA. Int Res J Medicine Med Sci. 2015;3:103-12.

WMA. WMA declaration of Helsinki-ethical principles for scientific requirements and research protocols. World Med Assoc. 2013:29-32.