DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20212812

Clinico-epidemiological profile of COVID-19 among health care workers from a tertiary care hospital

Anuradha Tolpadi, Abhijeet Mane, Jitendra Oswal, Sujata Rege, Meera Modak, Sujitkumar Landge, Asmita Gade, Reshma Tanpure

Abstract


Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global health issue. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are especially vulnerable to infection by SARS-CoV-2. The present study was conducted to determine the proportion of HCWs infected with COVID 19 in a tertiary care centre with emphasis on the epidemiological and clinical aspect

Methods: HCWs (symptomatic and asymptomatic contacts) who tested positive for COVID-19 by SARS-CoV-RTPCR or COVID-19 rapid antigen test were included in the study. Demographic and clinical data of the infected HCWs was obtained through a detailed telephonic interview with structured questionnaire.

Results: Out of total 921 HCWs tested for COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR and Rapid antigen test), 323 (35%) HCWs were positive. Proportion of COVID-19 positive HCWs among all HCWs was 13.67% (323/2362). Most COVID-19 positive HCWs (88%) were symptomatic. Majority of infected HCWs (62.23%) were between the age group of 21-30 years. Nurses were the most predominantly affected among various categories of HCWs (42.41%). Fever was the most common presenting symptom, seen in 160 (49.50%) HCWs. Comorbidities were found in 28 (8.66%) of infected HCWs. Majority of HCWs (86%) suffered from mild infection.

Conclusions: HCWs, especially nurses, face a high risk of COVID-19 infection while providing care for suspected or confirmed COVID-19 patients. It is important to characterize the epidemiological and clinical profile of HCWs regarding COVID-19 for formulation of prevention and management strategies.


Keywords


COVID-19 infection, SARS-CoV-2, Infection control, Health care worker

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