DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20213706

Comparison of the anti-nociceptive effect of dexmedetomidine with that of clonidine immediately prior to propofol injection in alleviating propofol injection pain

Reshma Sultana, Mohammed Mohsin Ali

Abstract


Background: Propofol is the drug of choice for induction of anaesthesia because of its rapid onset and short duration of action, easy titration, and favourable profile for side effects. But three out of five patients experience pain on injection of propofol.  Alleviation of Propofol injection pain (PIP) is thus a major concern and several interventions have been investigated to alleviate the pain associated with propofol injection. Clonidine was found to alleviate the pain of injected propofol effectively. Dexmedetomidine is also an alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist but is more selective than clonidine and has analgesic and sedative properties. The aim of the study was to compare the anti-nociceptive effect of dexmedetomidine with that of clonidine immediately prior to propofol injection in alleviating propofol injection pain.

Methods: A randomized controlled study was conducted on 60 patients admitted in Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, undergoing elective surgeries under general anaesthesia (GA) for 2 years from October 2015 to September 2017. The patients were randomly divided into two groups (30 each). Group A was administered intravenous injection clonidine 0.5 µg/kg. Group B was administered intravenous injection dexmedetomidine 0.5 µg/kg.

Results: In the present study, difference between the study groups in their mean age, mean weight, gender, ASA grading was not found to be statistically significant. The difference between the groups in incidence of pain on propofol injection was found to be significant statistically. The mean baseline heart rate was declining and mean arterial blood pressure was increasing in both the groups but the difference was not found to be statistically significant.

Conclusions: Pre-treatment with 0.5 µg/kg of IV dexmedetomidine is more effective as compared to IV clonidine in alleviating propofol injection pain.

 


Keywords


Propofol, Pain, Dexmedetomidine, Clonidine

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