DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20214143
Published: 2021-10-26

Sheehan’s syndrome with hypothyroidism: a rare case report

Vignessh Raveekumaran, Chenthil K. S., Vignesh M.

Abstract


Sheehan's syndrome is a form of hypopituitarism caused by pituitary gland necrosis caused by hemorrhagic shock during pregnancy. It's a rare issue with a wide range of symptoms and a long time to diagnose. A 40-year-old female presented with a giddiness which was rotatory type followed by headache, vomiting associated with nausea, decreased appetite for one week. She has experienced excessive vaginal bleeding and secondary amenorrhea exists for 20 years. Patients diagnosed to have acute liver injury, hyponatremia, and acute gastritis. The thyroid profile showed hypothyroidism and the patient started on appropriate medication. Hypopituitarism due to Sheehan's disease was discovered after a thorough clinical examination, endocrine investigations, and a pituitary magnetic resonance scan. Following the start of hormone replacement therapy, she showed significant improvement. The current case demonstrates that undiagnosed Sheehan's syndrome is linked to long-term morbidity, and we want to emphasize the importance of a high index of suspicion for early diagnosis of the syndrome during routine clinical visits to avoid complications that can arise from delayed diagnosis.

 


Keywords


Sheehan's syndrome, Hypothyroidism, Amenorrhea, Hemorrhagic shock, Case report

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