Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus - importance of appropriate empirical therapy in serious infections




Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Prevalence, Appropriate empiric therapy, Anti-MRSA agents, Levonadifloxacin


India has been titled the capital of antimicrobial resistance in the world with the centre for disease dynamics, economics and policy (CDDEP) predicting two million deaths in India by 2050. As per the World Health Organisation’s global priority pathogen list of 2017, methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been classified as a ‘high priority’ pathogen due to its association with increased mortality rate, rising prevalence of resistance and increased burden on healthcare settings. A recent report by Indian Council of Medical Research signifies the exponential rise in the prevalence of MRSA in India, from 29% in 2009 to 39% in 2018. Serious MRSA infections are commonly associated with poor clinical outcomes coupled with increased hospitalisation stay and cost. Therefore, early identification and appropriate empiric treatment of MRSA plays a crucial role in healthcare settings. However, the constant rise in multi-drug resistance to the currently available anti-MRSA agents as well as their compromised safety profile limits its clinical use to manage severe MRSA infections. This review article explores the implications of severe MRSA infections and inappropriate empirical therapy on the clinical as well as economic outcomes. In addition, it also highlights limitations of the currently available anti-MRSA agents and the need for newer agents to manage multi drug resistant (MDR) gram positive infections.


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