Thyroid and lipid profile in chronic kidney disease in Southern India

Ershad Hussain Galeti, Sandeep Reddy, Jyothi Conjeevaram, Ayesha Galeti


Background: The progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is linked to a multitude of comorbidities, such as thyroid dysfunction, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular disease. Objective were to determine the thyroid and serum lipid profile of CKD patients and to establish correlation between severity of renal disease with these 2 metabolic parameters.

Methods: This was a prospective study conducted among the 100 CKD patients over 1 year admitted in the department of urology and nephrology at our hospital.

Results: There were 66 (66%) male patients and 36 (36%) female patients among the 100 patients. There were no patients in grade 1, whereas there were 2, 20, 66, and 12 patients in grades 2-5 CKD, respectively. In each grade of CKD, the mean age, eGFR, urea, creatinine, thyroid profile, and lipid profile were computed individually. The levels of urea, creatinine, and eGFR differed significantly across CKD grades 2-5. The thyroid profile differed significantly across CKD grades 2-5. The lipid profile differed significantly across CKD grades 2-5, with p=0.000, >0.05, 0.000, >0.05, >0.05 for total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) levels, respectively.

Conclusions: The number of patients increases with decreasing T3 and T4 and increasing thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) proportionate to the severity of the renal failure. In addition, hypothyroidism is becoming more common in people with chronic renal disease. Serum triglycerides, LDL, and VLDL levels rise statistically significantly in CKD grades 3-5 patients.


Dyslipidemia, CKD, Hemodialysis, Thyroid function test

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