Challenges in diagnosis and management of acquired factor V inhibitors
Keywords:Factor V inhibitor, Lupus-like inhibitor, Acquired, Idiopathic, Anti-coagulant effect
AbstractInhibitors to factor V is a rare phenomenon with varied clinical presentation ranging from asymptomatic states to life-threatening bleeds. They are known to be associated with exposure to bovine thrombin, drugs, autoimmune diseases and malignancies. Establishing the diagnosis of FV inhibitors is challenging and the presence of lupus-like properties of the inhibitor can further complicate the diagnosis. Here we document an unusual case of an asymptomatic elderly female posted for pacemaker implantation and incidentally, the laboratory workup revealed a disproportionately abnormal coagulation screen. The intricacies in the diagnosis and management are discussed along with a brief review of the literature. An awareness of the diverse manifestations of this underrecognized disorder and difficulties in management is essential for medical practitioners, particularly in patients with idiopathic severe bleeding diathesis.
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