Intracranial tuberculoma in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patient: a case report
Keywords:Intracranial tuberculoma, Immunocompromised, HIV, Tuberculosis
Intracranial tuberculoma is one of the most devastating forms of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, presenting in 1% of all tuberculosis cases. This condition is significantly associated with high morbidity and mortality and frequently occurs in immunocompromised patients such as patient with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Symptoms of intracranial tuberculoma include headache, nausea, vomiting, ataxia, diplopia, hemiparesis, and seizure. We reported a 34-years-old male patient presented with progressive left side weakness for 1 month prior to admission. Patient also complained of intermittent fever, headache, productive cough, night sweats, and unintentional weight loss. On neurological examination, power of left upper and lower limb was 3. Patient had a positive test result for HIV serologic examination. Chest X-ray showed infiltrate in the apical segment of right lower lobe of the lung. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was found on sputum gene expert examination. Head computed tomography (CT) scan showed multiple hypodense lesions with contrast enhancement in right caudate nucleus and right lentiform nucleus, suggestive for tuberculoma. Patient was treated with fixed-dose combination of antituberculosis, corticosteroid, and other symptomatic medication and showed a significant clinical improvement.
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