Policy recommendations to enhance nursing education and services among Asean member countries


  • Virya Koy President of Cambodian Council of Nurses, Chief of Bureau of Nursing and Midwifery, MOH, Cambodia




ASEAN community, Nursing education, Nursing service, Policy, Recommendation


The initiated the development of an ASEAN Community in 1967, the process will be complete in 2015. An ASEAN community comprises the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), which has a single market and a production base which is stable, prosperous, highly competitive and with a free flow of goods or services and capitals. All services in ASEAN countries must be prepared for the coming changes. As a leader in the provision of health services of ASEAN countries will benefit most from joining this community. Nursing is an important profession in providing health care services. Therefore nursing schools, which have a major role in producing professional nurses, must prepare nursing staff to be involved in the ASEAN community. They must be able to know related information, for instance the collaborative memorandum of understanding among the ASEAN nursing profession for being the competitively advantaged organization. The exchanging of nursing knowledge and nursing service experience from ten ASEAN countries, establish each other county’s viewpoint of this knowledge. Furthermore, from the basis procedure of each country, we can move forward together to strengthen nursing education and nursing service in ASEAN countries and the world.


Tullao T. & Cortez, M. Enhancing the movement of natural persons in the ASEAN region: Opportunities and Constrains. (2006).

Heller BR, Oros MT, Durney-Crowley J. The future of nursing education, 10 trends to watch. Nursing Health Care Perspective 2000;21(1):9-13.

Association of Southeast Asian Nations. ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint. Jakarta: 2008; ASEAN Secretariat.

World Health Organization and Department of Health. (2014). Singapore Health Service Delivery Profile.

Cirujales RM, Kuan L. Nurse Migration, Deployment, Enrollment and Board Passing Trends in the Philippines (1999 – 2008), Philippine Journal of Nursing 2000, 82(1).

Mutual Recognition Arrangement. ASEAN Joint Coordinating Committee in Nursing 2008.

Sidorenko A, Manning C. The regulation of professional migration in the ASEAN. Insights from the health and IT sectors. The Australian National University 2005.

Thomas S, Billington A, Getliffe K. Improving continence services: a case study in policy influence. Journal of Nursing Management 2004;12:252-7.

Cohen SS, Milone-Nuzzo P. Advancing Health Policy in Nursing Education through Service Learning. Article 2001;3:28-40.

International Council of Nurses. Participation of Nurses in Health Services Decision Making and Policy Development. (2010).

Kunaviktikul W. Nursing and nursing education in Thailand: The past, the present, and the future. Nursing and Health Sciences. 2006;8:199-200.

Chang M, Feller M, Nimmagadda J. Barriers to Healthcare Access in the Southeast Asian Community of Rhode Island. Medicine & Health/Rhode Island 2009;92(9):310-3.

Seminar. Two Years on Our Way: How Ready is ASEAN for Integration in 2015. Held at the CME Auditorium, University of Santo Tomas, Espana, Manila.

Singapore Board of Nursing. http://www.healthprofessionals.gov.sg/content/hprof/snb/en/ topnav/home.html

Malaysian Board of Nursing. http://nursing.moh.gov.my/.

Philippines Nursing Board. http://www.prc.gov.ph.

Cambodian Council of Nurses. https://sites.google.com/site/cambodianccn/.

Hong R, Betancourt J. Healthcare in Cambodia. The provision of health care in Cambodia at a glance. Retrieved September 2006. Economic Institute of Cambodia. http://www.eicambodia.org/downloads/files/provision.pdf

Ministry of Health of Indonesia. http://www.observatorisdmkindonesia.org

Ministry of Health of Lao PD. (2006). Law on health care. Vientiane Capital: MOH.

Ministry of Health of Lao PD. (2007). Executive Summary of Sixth Five-Year Health Sector Development Plan. Vientiane Capital: MOH.

Ministry of Health of Vietnam. (2013). National Programmed of Action for Strengthening Nursing and Midwifery Services from now to 2020. Decision 1215/QD-BYT.

Ministry of Health of Brunei Darussalam. (2011). Health Information Booklet. Retrieved, 2014, from www.moh.gov.bn.

National Health Plan. (2011-2013). Myanmar.

Urata, S. (2009). A Shift from Market-Driven to Institution-Driven Regionalization in East Asia. Waseda University Summer Seminar, Creating Cooperation and Integration in Asia. Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies, Waseda University. (Unpublished Monograph).

Arunanondchai J, Fink C. Trade in Health Services in the ASEAN Region. December 2010.






Educational Forum