Open access: a revolution in scientific publishing

Bhaven C. Kataria

Abstract


The way that research is communicated is changing rapidly. The internet has made it possible, a revolutionary way of providing access to the articles published in scholarly journals. The rising cost of subscription of scholarly journals, has seriously hampered the ability of libraries, research centers, and researchers to acquire publications necessary for research and knowledge enhancement. Open access publishing provides a way for addressing this challenge by offering a very cost-effective alternative to the traditional publishing model. Before the mid-1990s, most of the journals were available only on paper and accessible by subscription. By the end of the 20th century, most journals had moved their content to online platforms.Open access (OA) in simple meaning refers to unrestricted online access to the articles published in scholarly journals. There are two distinct ways articulated in the Budapest Open Access Initiative: (1) Articles directly provided by the journal publisher (also called “gold OA”), or (2) Indirectly by author self-archiving and/or being uploaded and made freely available somewhere else on the web (also called “green OA”). Green open access requires the author to deposit a peer-reviewed manuscript in an institutional or central repository such as PubMed Central. Both options increase the potential readership of any article.

Keywords


Open access, Gold OA, Green OA

Full Text:

PDF

References


Budapest Open Access Initiative. Available at http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/boai-10-recommendations. Accessed 19 April 2014.

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). Available at http://doaj.org. Accessed 28 April 2014.

Hawkes N. UK government comes down in favour of making all publicly funded research “open access”. BMJ. 2012;345:e4878.

The Lancet journals welcome a new open access policy. Lancet. 2013;381:1166-7.

The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC). Available at http://www.sparc.arl.org/. Accessed 28 April 2014.

Open Society Foundations. Available at http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/ Accessed 28 April 2014.

PLOS (Public Library of Science). Available at http://www.plos.org/about/plos/. Accessed 28 April 2014.

ROARMAP. Registry of Open Access Repositories Mandatory Archiving Policies. Available at http://roarmap.eprints.org/. Accessed 25 April 2014.

OpenDOAR. The Directory of Open Access Repositories. Available at http://www.opendoar.org/index.html. Accessed 29 April 2014.

Centre for Research Communications. Available at http://crc.nottingham.ac.uk. Accessed 28 April 2014.

Frank M. Open but not free--publishing in the 21st century. N Engl J Med. 2013 Feb 28;368(9):787-9.

Björk Bo-Christer. 2012. The Hybrid Model for Open Access Publication of Scholarly Articles – a Failed Experiment? Available at http://www.openaccesspublishing.org/hybrid/hybrid.pdf. Accessed 20 April 2014.

Salem DN, Boumil MM. Conflict of interest in open-access publishing. N Engl J Med. 2013;369:491.

SPARC. Why open access? Available at http://www.sparc.arl.org/resources/open-access/why-oa. Accessed 20 April 2014.