DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20163744

Clinical profile and outcome of severe P. Falciparum malaria

Ramrao Mundhe, Maroti S. Karale, Chandrakant Usendi, Siddhant Yadav

Abstract


Background: Malaria is a public health problem in more than 90 countries. According to the latest estimates of WHO, released in December 2015, there were 214 million cases of malaria in 2015 and 438 000 deaths. The aim was to study clinical profile and outcome of severe falciparum malaria in patients at tertiary health care centre.

Methods: In this prospective study, total 125 clinically diagnosed severe malaria cases admitted during period of November 2013 to October 2015, were enrolled excluding patients below 12 years of age. Detailed history and clinical examination was carried out to assess clinical severity and complications of malaria.

Results: Of the 125 cases studied 110 cases were of severe malaria produced by Plasmodium falciparum infection diagnosed on peripheral smear examination or by antigen detection test. The remaining 15 cases were excluded from the study. In this study, seventy six (69.1%) cases were males and thirty four (30.9%) cases were females, with male: female ratio of 2.23:1. Common symptoms found were fever, chills and rigors, altered sensorium, jaundice and nausea or vomiting while most common complication was jaundice, seen in 45.45%. Mortality due to severe falciparum malaria observed was 13.63%.

Conclusions: In this study of severe falciparum malaria, most common symptoms found were fever, chills and rigors, altered sensorium, jaundice, nausea and vomiting while most common signs were pallor, splenomegaly, icterus, hepatomegaly, bleeding tendencies and in a few cases neck stiffness and hypotension. Jaundice, renal failure, impaired consciousness and cerebral malaria were most common complications of severe falciparum malaria.


Keywords


Clinical profile, Jaundice, Malaria, Plasmodium falciparum

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