Published: 2017-05-23

Histopathological study of ovarian lesions in a tertiary care center in Hyderabad, India: a retrospective five-year study

Akina Prakash, Sravan Chinthakindi, Ramanan Duraiswami, Indira V.


Background: The aim of the study was to identify the pattern of pathologies involving ovarian mass lesions which were received for histopathological evaluation at a tertiary hospital in Hyderabad, Telangana, India during the period January 2012 to December 2016.

Methods: The data pertaining to samples of ovarian lesions received for histopathological evaluation at the laboratory of a tertiary care hospital in Hyderabad from January 2012 to December 2016, were analyzed to determine the pattern of pathologies diagnosed during such evaluation and the age distribution of all lesions.

Results: Non-neoplastic lesions of the ovary constituted 44.0% of all cases received; follicular cysts constituted 45.5% of these lesions. Malignant lesions constituted only 2.0% of all pathologies. Serous cystadenoma of the ovary constituted the predominant neoplastic lesion diagnosed (62.5% of all neoplastic lesions). 53.2% of patients whose samples were received belonged to the age group of 20-39 years. 90.8% of the lesions were unilateral

Conclusions: The majority of ovarian lesions received for evaluation were benign and unilateral. Most patients were in the third to sixth decades of life.


Follicular cysts, Incidence of pathologies, Ovarian mass lesions, Serous cystadenoma

Full Text:



Modi D, Rathod GB, Delwadia KN, Goswami HM. Histopathological pattern of neoplastic ovarian lesions. IAIM. 2016;3(1):51-7.

Young RH. The ovary. In: Sternberg S. Diagnostic Surgical Patholo. 17th Ed. New York: Raven Press. 1994:2195.

Ellenson LH, Pirog EC. Ovaries. In: Robbins and Cotran- Pathologic Basis of Disease. South Asia Edition. New Delhi: Reed Elsevier India. 2014: 1022.

Tortolero L, Mitchell FM, Rhodes HE. Epidemiology and screening of ovarian cancer. Obstet Gyanecol Clin North Am. 1994;21:63-75.

Bhattarcharya MM, Shinde SD, Purandare VN. A clinicopathological analysis of 270 ovarian tumors. J Postgrad Med. 1980;26:103-7.

Forae GD, Aligbe JU. A histopathological overview of ovarian lesions in Benin City, Nigeria: How common is the functional cyst? Int J Med Public Health. 2014;4:265-8.

Pachori G, Meena US, Sunaria RK, Pachori P, Jethani N, Bayla T. Histopathological study of ovarian tumors in Ajmer region. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016;5:1400-3.

Rashid S, Sarwas G, Ali A. A clinicopathological study of ovarian cancer. Mother Child. 1998;36:117 -25.

Prabhakar BR, Kalyani M. Ovarian tumors -prevalence in Punjab. Indian J Pathol Mirobiol. 1989;32(4):276-81.

Couto F, Nadkarni NS, Rebello MJ. Ovarian tumors in Goa. A clinicopathological study. J Obstet Gynecol of India. 1993;43(3):408-12.

Thakkar NN, Shah SN. Histopathological study of ovarian lesions. Int J Sci Research 2015; 4(10):1745-9.

Ramachandran G, Harilal KR, Chinnamma K, Thangavelu H. Ovarian neoplasms -A study of 903 cases. J Obstet Gynecol India. 1972;22:309 -15.

Pilli GS, Sunitha KP, Dhaded AV, Yenni VV. Ovarian tumors - a study of 282 cases. J Indian Med Associ. 2002;100(7):420-4.

Kar T, Kar A, Mohapatra PC. Intra-operative cytology of ovarian tumors. J Obstet Gynecol India. 2005;55(4):345-9.

Zaman S, Majid S, Hussain M, Chugtai O, Mahboob J, Chugtai S. A retrospective study of Ovarian tumors and tumor - like lesions. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2010;22(1):104-8.

Gurung P, Hirachand S, Pradhanang S. Histopathological study of ovarian cystic lesions. J Inst Med. 2013;35(3):44-7.

Maliheh A, Yasmin S. Surgical histopathology of benign ovarian cysts: a multicentric study. Iranian J Pathology. 2010;5(3):132-6.

Misra RK, Sharma SP, Gupta U, Gaur R, Misra SD. Pattern of ovarian neoplasms in eastern UP. J Obstet Gynecol. 1990;41(2):242-6.

Yogambal M, Arunalatha P, Chandramouleeswari K, Palaniappan V. Ovarian tumors - Incidence and distribution in a tertiary referral center in South India. IOSR J Dent Med Sci. 2014;13(2):1400-3.