DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20171040

A study to assess nutritional profile in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients

Amardeepak Toppo, D. Sudheer, G. S. Rajawat, Thomas Kurian

Abstract


Background: The potential ill effects of malnutrition are numerous, such as decreased maximal respiratory muscle force, decreased hypoxic Ventilatory response and decreased resistance to infection. The objective was to assess nutritional profile in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patient.

Methods: The study was conducted at a tertiary care referral hospital. Period of study was one year. Present study was case control study. Institutional Ethics committee permission was taken. A total of 75 cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and comparable controls were included in the study.

Results: Present study shows that there was significant difference in mid arm circumference and mid-thigh circumference between COPD cases and control groups as well as between serum pre-albumin and serum transferrin level, serum uric acid (p=0.018) and serum calcium level (p=0.002). There was no statistically difference with respect to serum total protein (p=0.308), serum albumin (p=0.533) and serum phosphorus level (p=0.064) between COPD patient and control groups. There was statistically significant difference in total lymphocyte count between COPD cases and control groups as well as between serum LDL and serum HDL, serum LDL and serum HDL with COPD grading. As COPD grading increased there was significant decrease in serum LDL and serum HDL level. There was no significant difference with respect serum TG (p=0.738), VLDL and total cholesterol level (p=0.063) between COPD cases and control groups.

Conclusions: Simple measurement of BMI, mid arm circumference and mid-thigh circumference can assess mal-nutrition in COPD patients and biochemical parameter like serum pre-albumin and serum transferrin may helpful in early detection of malnutrition.


Keywords


BMI, Mid arm circumference, Mid-thigh circumference

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