Triple ligation technique of clipless laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a spanner especially for complicated cholecystitis
Keywords:Cholecystectomy, Intra-corporeal, Ligation
Background: Although in the era of laparoscopic cholecystectomy cystic duct occlusion has been tried by clips, harmonic and plasma kinetic quite effectively but cost, availability and inadvertent injury to biliary duct are concerning factors. Intra-corporeal ligation has evolved to address these issues effectively as a boon especially for the peripheral centres where availability and cost of energy sources weighs heavier than their associated ease. Triple ligation technique is a time preserving modification without any compromise in safety and quality of surgery. The aim of our study is not only to elucidate the importance of intra-corporeal ligation in safety and cost of surgery but also to enlighten its role in safe management of even difficult cases of cholecystitis.
Methods: A retrospective observational study. All cases of symptomatic gallstones operated by laparoscopic triple ligation technique were included in the study.
Results: More than half (63.4%) of the cases in our study were having chronic cholecystitis was reported in 63.4% of the cases while 36.4 % cases have acute cholecystitis. Mean duration of surgery was 46.4 and 71.2 minutes in chronic and acute cases respectively. No case of bile duct or vascular injury has been reported in our study. Only 3.8% of the cases were converted to open. Gallbladder perforation was most common complication noted in 12.8% of the cases.
Conclusions: Triple ligation technique of laparoscopic cholecystectomy is not only a time sparing modification but is also a veritable, safe and frugal tool with excellent results even in complicated cholecystitis without compromising its outcome and prime.
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