DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20174294

Prevalence of chronic kidney disease in Bhuj district: a cross sectional study

Vinayak Chauhan, Kashyap Buch

Abstract


Background: In order to control any disease basic knowledge about the prevalence and risk factors of the particular disease is required.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 2600 individuals aged between 25 and 70 years old were recruited. Participants were selected from the general population residing in Bhuj, Gujarat, India via simple random sampling. Demographic data were collected. Urine and blood test were performed, and the glomerular filtration rate was estimated.

Results: One hundred and thirty participants (10%) had CKD. The mean age was significantly higher in the CKD group. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus were significantly more prevalent among the participants with CKD than those without CKD (P < 0.001 for both). Proteinuria was significantly associated with CKD, whereas a history of urinary tract infection, a history of nephrolithiasis, smoking, serum uric acid level, lipid profile, and blood glucose level were not.

Conclusions: Overall, it seems that CKD is a common health problem in Gujarat, but further studies in other parts of this country is recommended for the better estimation of CKD prevalence. This study shows the importance of screening for CKD.


Keywords


Bhuj, Cross-sectional, Glomerular filtration, Kidney disease, Proteinuria

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References


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