Pattern of physical activity, diet, sleep and yoga in health care physicians. A study from a tertiary care hospital, Pondicherry




Diet pattern, Physicians, Physical activity, Sleep, Yoga


Background: Physical activity, diet pattern and yoga practices are linked with cardiovascular fitness. The objective of this study is to study the pattern of physical activity, diet and yoga practice in health care physicians.

Methods: The study was done at a tertiary care hospital in Pondicherry. All adult health care physicians of both sexes working in the hospital and giving informed consent to participate in the study were included. Pregnant physicians and those who are not willing to give written consent for participation in the study were excluded from the study. The study was done as a cross sectional study using a pretested standardised questionnaire. Age, sex, demographic data, height, weight, diet habits, pattern of physical activity, sleep and yoga pattern in all the health care physicians were recorded and studied.

Results: Of the total one hundred health care physicians, there were 65 male physicians. Among the female physicians, there were 20 of age 31 to 40 years, Of the 65 male physicians, there were 28 with body mass index of 25 to 29.9. Eight males and four females in the age group of 41 to 50 had abdominal obesity. Eight female physicians were doing regular exercise and nine physicians were doing yoga.

Conclusions: They had a poor physical activity pattern, improper diet habits and reduced sleep. Only a few physicians were having the practice of doing yoga. Overweight and abdominal obesity was more prevalent in health care physicians.


World health organization Fact sheet on CVD Updated May 2017. Available at

Santulli G. Epidemiology of Cardiovascular Disease in the 21st Century: Updated Numbers and Updated Facts. J Cardiovascular Dis. 2013;1(1):1-2.

Lavie CJ, Parto P, Archer E. Obesity, fitness, hypertension, and prognosisis physical activity the common denominator. JAMA Intern Med. 2016;176(2):217-8.

Crump C, Sundquist J, Winkleby MA, Sundquist K. Interactive effects of physical fitness and body mass index on the risk of hypertension. JAMA Internal Medicine. 2016;176(2):210-6.

World health organization Fact sheet on Overweight and obesity Updated June 2017. Available at

Shankar SP, Kartikeya G. Abdominal obesity in primary care. Int J Adv Med. 2017;4(4):915-8.

RH Eckel, Jakicic JM, Ard JM, Hubbard HS. AHA/ACC Guideline on lifestyle management to reduce cardiovascular risk. Circulation. 2013.

Yang Q, Zhang Z, Gregg EW, Flanders WD, Merritt R, Hu FB. Added sugar intake and cardiovascular diseases mortality among US adults. JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(4):516-24.

Sun J, Buys NJ, Hills AP. dietary pattern and its association with the prevalence of obesity, hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors among chinese older adults. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2014;11:3956-71.

Singh PN, Arthur KN, Orlich MJ, James W, Purty A, Job JS, et al. Global epidemiology of obesity, vegetarian dietary patterns and noncommunicable disease in Asian Indians. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;100(suppl):359S-64S.

Hesketh K, Waters E, Green J, Salmon L, Williams J. Healthy eating, activity and obesity prevention: a qualitative study of parent and child perceptions in Australia. Health Promot Int. 2005;20(1):19-26.

Shankar SP, Ramya N. A study on QT dispersion and thrombolytic therapy in acute myocardial infarction. Int J Cardiovascular Res. 2010;7(2):1-6.

Kumar S, Yadav RK. Obesity-related inflammation and cardiovascular disease: Efficacy of a yoga-based lifestyle intervention. Indian J Med Res. 2014;139:822-34.

Cramer H, Lauche R, Haller H, Steckhan N, Michalsen A, Dobos G. Effects of yoga on cardiovascular disease risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Cardiol. 2014;173:170-83.

Chu P, Gotink RA, Yeh G, Goldie S, Hunink MGM. The effectiveness of yoga in modifying risk factors for cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2014:23(3):291-307.

Sabanayagam C, Shankar A. Sleep duration and cardiovascular disease: results from the National Health Interview Survey. SLEEP. 2010;33(8):1037-42.

Hoevenaar BMP, Spijkerman AMW, Kromhout DV. Sleeping long enough further reduces CVD risk in people who have a healthy lifestyle. Eu J Prevent Cardiol. 2013;21(11):1367-75.

Colea HV, Dabob EO, Iwelunmord J, Newsomea V, Meekse K, Agyemange C, et al. Sleep duration is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular outcomes: a pilot study in a sample of community dwelling adults in Ghana. Sleep Med. 20107;34:118-25

Raju GS, Ramya N. A study of clinico- demographic profile of ST elevation MI patients. MedPulse- Int Med J. 2016;3(2):159-63.

Frank E, Oberg E, Segura C, Clark A, Shen H. The physical and mental health status and health practices of physicians in British Columbia. BC Med J. 2010;52(7):349-55.






Original Research Articles