DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20174297

Etiological profile of patients presenting with lower gastrointestinal bleeding at tertiary care hospital at Belagavi: a cross sectional study

Raju H. Badiger, Santosh Hajare, Ravindra Kantamaneni, Ashray Kole, . Deebanshu

Abstract


Background: Lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) is bleeding arising below the ligament of Treitz. Hemorrhage from the lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract accounts for about 20% of all cases of acute GI bleeding. Lower GI bleeding is that which occurs from the colon, rectum, or anus, and presenting as either hematochezia (bright red blood or red wine color stools) or malena, blood streaking of the stool. The objective of this study was to evaluate the etiological profile of patients presenting with lower gastrointestinal bleeding.

Methods: This one-year cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Medicine, KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Belagavi from January 2015 to December 2015. The study design was a cross-sectional study. This study was carried out from January 2015 to December 2015. Patients with lower gastro-intestinal bleeding presenting at Department of Medicine and Department of Gastro-enterology, KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Belagavi were studied.

Results: In the present study majority of the patients were males with the mean age was 43.82±17.96 years and majority of the patients were married with moderate built and nourishment. As per the occupation majority were housewives followed by students. In the present study diabetes mellitus was the most common medical history reported. Internal haemorrhoids was significantly associated with male sex, student’s profession followed by housewife with mixed diet consumption, the clinical presentations significantly associated with internal haemorrhoids were haematochezia, loss of appetite, tenesmus, passage of mucus in stools, constipation, abdominal pain and vomiting.

Conclusions: Internal hemorrhoids is the most common cause followed by ulcerative colitis. Though not common, carcinoma colon, solitary rectal ulcer syndrome, polyp, colonic diverticulosis, ischaemic colitis, non-specific proctitis, and radiation proctitis are the other causes of LGIB.


Keywords


Hematochezia, Internal haemorrhoids, Lower gastro intestinal bleeding, LGI scopy

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