DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20180085

A study of clinical profile of patients with Dengue fever at a tertiary care hospital

Sreenivasulu T., Jahnavi K.

Abstract


Background: Dengue is the most common fever. Among all flavi-viruses, it is the most common. It can cause around 50-100 million infections. Every year 2-5 lakh cases of Dengue hemorrhagic fever occur. The objective of the research was to study clinical profile of patients with Dengue fever at a tertiary care hospital.

Methods: Present study was cross sectional study. The patients were interviewed and examined at one point of time and later they were never followed which is similar to the cross-sectional study design. Present study was carried out in the hospital. This was done in the department of General Medicine of a tertiary care hospital. Present study was carried out over a period of one year.

Results: In the present study, there were 78 males and 22 females. The sex ratio was 3.5:1. Maximum number of males (29.5%) was in the age group of 15-25. Among females, the maximum (40.9%) were in the age group of 26-35 years and 46-55 years (9%). The most common presenting symptom was fever in all cases followed by headache in 90%. Among bleeding manifestations, epistaxis, gum bleeding and hematuria (15%) were the common symptoms. Most patients presented with generalized lymphadenopathy in 52%. 56 patients showed only hepatomegaly and 46 splenomegaly, and 30 patients showed hepato splenomegaly. 99 showed leucopenia and 10 were anemic and 25 showed platelet count less than 1,50,000cells/cumm.

Conclusions: Males were commonly affected. Younger age group of 15-25 was most commonly affected and fever and headache were the most common presenting symptoms. These findings help physicians in early diagnosis of dengue by suspecting these features as of dengue and can prevent morbidity and mortality associated with dengue.


Keywords


Fever, Headache, Lymphadenopathy, Profile

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