DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3933.ijam20180065

A study of risk factors and clinical profile of patients with acute myocardial infarction

Manohar Shankarrao Chavan, M. Bhaktavatsalam

Abstract


Background: New cases of AMI tell us about the prevalence of risk factors in the community which lead to increased incidence of AMI. On the other hand, the occurrence of repeated attacks of AMI tells us about the quality of care received by the patient during the attack of AMI and its subsequent treatment. The objective was to study of risk factors and clinical profile of patients with acute myocardial infarction.

Methods: Present hospital based cross sectional study was carried out for a period of two years among 50 eligible subjects selected as per the inclusion and exclusion criteria laid down for the conduct of the present study to study the clinical profile and risk factors.

Results: The commonest age group was 61-70 years (36%). The average age of the patient in the study group was 53.88 years. The male patient dominated the study group. This male to female ratio need not necessarily indicate the epidemiological frequency of myocardial infarction. The most common MI in the present study group was inferior wall MI (46%). 18 (36%) were smokers, 20 patients (40%) among 50 patients presented with complications. Of them 13 patients had arrhythmias (26%).

Conclusions: The most commonly affected were elderly. AMI was more common in the males. Inferior wall myocardial infarction was the common lesion seen in the present study. Among the risk factors, smoking was the most common risk factor found in the present study.


Keywords


Clinical profile, Diabetes, Hypertension, Risk factors

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References


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