Patients characteristics associated with better glycemic response to teneligliptin and metformin therapy in type 2 diabetes: a retrospective study
Keywords:DPP4 inhibitors, FBS, India, PPBS, Teneligliptin, Type 2 diabetes
Background: Teneligliptin was recently approved for type 2 diabetes (T2D) management in India and is used as monotherapy or in combination with different antidiabetic drugs. The aim of this study was to identify patients’ characteristics associated with better glycemic response to teneligliptin and metformin.
Methods: A retrospective analysis of data was performed in patients of T2D with HbA1c above 7% who were treated with teneligliptin 20 mg/d as add on to metformin (500-100 mg/d) and whose follow-up data at 12-weeks was available. Fasting blood sugar (FBS) and post-prandial blood sugar (PPBS) changes were analysed.
Results: Among 66 patients included in analysis, mean age was 61.0±9.8 years and 53% were females. Median duration of diabetes was 2 years. At 12-weeks, a significant reduction PPBS was observed (mean change: -14.3 mg/dL, p=0.009) but not in FBS (mean change: -2.4 mg/dL, p=0.353). Among different patients’ characteristics, age ≤60 years (p=0.006), duration of ≤1 year (p=0.023), body-mass index ≥25 kg/m2 (p=0.009), presence of dyslipidemia (p=0.05) and absence of complications (p=0.012) were associated with significant reduction in PPBS but not in FBS.
Conclusions: A younger, newly-diagnosed, obese T2D patients with dyslipidemia without any complications of diabetes can derive better therapeutic effectiveness from teneligliptin added to metformin. These findings need to be confirmed in large, prospective, long duration study.
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