Evaluation of serum homocysteine in young patients presenting with myocardial infarction: a study from rural Maharashtra
Keywords:Coronary artery disease, Homocysteine, Myocardial infarction
Background: It has been shown that elevated serum homocysteine levels are associated with an increased risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke. Also, higher homocysteine concentrations in IHD or stroke patients than in controls have been reported. Some prospective and case-control studies with inconsistent results, some with highly significant results and others with no association have been observed. Objective of the study was to evaluate the serum homocysteine level in young myocardial infarction patients of rural hospital.
Methods: The present hospital based cross sectional observational study was carried out in Department of Medicine, MIMER Medical College and Hospital, Talegaon Dabhade, Pune. The study population included 45 young patients having acute myocardial Infarction coming to our hospital. The data thus collected was entered in MS excel sheet and analysed by using SPSS 24.0 IBM USA.
Results: Mean age of the study cohort was 36.7 years with 48.9% cases in between the age of 31-40 years and 33.3% were in the age range of 41-45 years. Male predominance was seen in the study cases with 68.9% males and 31.1% females. Prevalence of hyperhmocysteinemia was observed as 64.4% in present study. Mortality rate in our study was 6.67%. Serum homocysteine and all lipid parameters were in positive correlation except High-density lipoprotein which has negative correlation. Homocysteine levels were correlating significantly with level of atherosclerosis as measured by Gensini score.
Conclusions: Coronary heart disease is related to high serum homocysteine concentration. Serum homocysteine levels also correlates well with the severity of MI.
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